I. de Martino, R. T. GÚnova-Santos, F. Atrio-Barandela, H. Ebeling, A. Kashlinsky, D. Kocevski, C. J. A. P. Martins
We constrain the deviation of adiabatic evolution of the universe using the data on the cosmic microwave background (CMB) temperature anisotropies measured by the Planck satellite and a sample of 481 X-ray selected clusters with spectroscopically measured redshifts. To avoid antenna beam effects, we bring all of the maps to the same resolution. We use a CMB template to subtract the cosmological signal while preserving the Thermal Sunyaev–Zeldovich (TSZ) anisotropies; next, we remove galactic foreground emissions around each cluster and we mask out all known point sources. If the CMB blackbody temperature scales with redshift as , we constrain deviations of adiabatic evolution to be α = −0.007 ± 0.013, consistent with the temperature-redshift relation of the standard cosmological model. This result could suffer from a potential bias δα associated with the CMB template. We quantify it to be , with the same sign as the measured value of α. Our result is free from those biases associated with using TSZ selected clusters; it represents the best constraint to date of the temperature-redshift relation of the Big Bang model using only CMB data, confirming previous results.
cosmic background radiation, cosmology: observations, cosmology: theory
The Astrophysical Journal
Volume 808, Number 2, Page 128