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SOPHIE velocimetry of Kepler transit candidates. XIV. A joint photometric, spectroscopic, and dynamical analysis of the Kepler-117 system

G. Bruno, J.-M. Almenara, S. C. C. Barros, A. Santerne, R. F. DÝaz, M. Deleuil, C. Damiani, A. S. Bonomo, I. Boisse, F. Bouchy, G. HÚbrard, G. Montagnier

Abstract
As part of our follow-up campaign of Kepler planets, we observed Kepler-117 with the SOPHIE spectrograph at the Observatoire de Haute-Provence. This F8-type star hosts two transiting planets in non-resonant orbits. The planets, Kepler-117 b and c, have orbital periods ≃ 18.8 and ≃ 50.8 days, and show transit-timing variations (TTVs) of several minutes. We performed a combined Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) fit on transits, radial velocities, and stellar parameters to constrain the characteristics of the system. We included the fit of the TTVs in the MCMC by modeling them with dynamical simulations. In this way, consistent posterior distributions were drawn for the system parameters. According to our analysis, planets b and c have notably different masses (0.094 ± 0.033 and 1.84 ± 0.18MJ) and low orbital eccentricities (0.0493 ± 0.0062 and 0.0323 ± 0.0033). The uncertainties on the derived parameters are strongly reduced if the fit of the TTVs is included in the combined MCMC. The TTVs allow measuring the mass of planet b although its radial velocity amplitude is poorly constrained. Finally, we checked that the best solution is dynamically stable.

Keywords
planetary systems - stars: individual: Kepler-117 - techniques: photometric - techniques: radial velocities, techniques: spectroscopic - methods: statistical

Astronomy and Astrophysics
Volume 573, Number of pages A124
2015 January

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Instituto de Astrof├şsica e Ci├¬ncias do Espa├žo Universidade do Porto Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade de Lisboa Funda├ž├úo para a Ci├¬ncia e a Tecnologia
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