P. A. Wilson, G. HÚbrard, N. C. Santos, J. Sahlmann, G. Montagnier, N. Astudillo-Defru, I. Boisse, F. Bouchy, J. Rey, L. Arnold, X. Bonfils, V. Bourrier, B. Courcol, M. Deleuil, X. Delfosse, R. F. DÝaz, D. Ehrenreich, T. Forveille, C. Moutou, F. Pepe, A. Santerne, D. SÚgransan, S. Udry
Radial velocity planet search surveys of nearby solar-type stars have shown a strong scarcity of brown dwarf companions within ~5 AU. There is presently no comprehensive explanation for this lack of brown dwarf companions; therefore, increasing the sample of such objects is crucial to understand their formation and evolution. Based on precise radial velocities obtained using the SOPHIE spectrograph at Observatoire de Haute-Provence we characterise the orbital parameters of 15 companions to solar-type stars and constrain their true mass using astrometric data from the Hipparcos space mission. The nine companions not shown to be stellar in nature have minimum masses ranging from ~13 to 70 MJup, and are well distributed across the planet/brown dwarf mass regime, making them an important contribution to the known population of massive companions around solar-type stars. We characterise six companions as stellar in nature with masses ranging from a minimum mass of 76 ± 4 MJup to a mass of 0.35 ± 0.03 M☉. The orbital parameters of two previously known substellar candidates are improved.
techniques: radial velocities, stars: general, brown dwarfs
Based on observations collected with the SOPHIE spectrograph on the 1.93 m telescope at Observatoire de Haute-Provence (CNRS), France, by the SOPHIE Consortium.The radial velocity measurements are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (ftp://220.127.116.11) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/588/A144
Astronomy and Astrophysics
Volume 588, Article Number A144, Number of pages 16