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Considerations on the thermal equilibrium between matter and the cosmic horizon

J. P. Mimoso, D. Pavůn

Abstract
A common feature in the thermodynamic analysis of homogeneous and isotropic world models is the assumption that the temperature of the fluids inside the cosmic horizon (including dark energy) coincides with the temperature of the latter, whether it be either the event or the apparent horizon. We examine up to what extent this assumption may be justified, given that these temperatures evolve under different time-temperature laws. We argue that while radiation cannot reach thermal equilibrium with the horizon, nonrelativistic matter may, and dark energy might though only approximately.

Physical Review D
Volume 94, Issue 10
2016 November

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Instituto de Astrof√≠sica e Ci√™ncias do Espa√ßo Universidade do Porto Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade de Lisboa
Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia COMPETE 2020 PORTUGAL 2020 União Europeia