N. Laporte, F. E. Bauer, P. Troncoso, X. Huang, M. J. GonzŠlez-Lopez, S.-L. Kim, T. Anguita, M. Aravena, L. F. Barrientos, R. Bouwens, L. Bradley, G. Brammer, M. Carrasco, R. Carvajal, D. Coe, R. Demarco, R. S. Ellis, H. Ford, H. Francke, E. Ibar, L. Infante, R. Kneissl, A. M. Koekemoer, H. Messias, N. M. Nagar, A. Munoz Arancibia, N. Padilla, R. PellÚ, M. Postman, D. Quenard, C. Romero-CaŮizales, E. Treister, E. Villard, A. Zitrin, W. Zheng
Context. The Hubble and Spitzer Space Telescope surveys of the Frontier Fields provide extremely deep images around six massive, strong-lensing clusters of galaxies. The ALMA Frontier Fields survey aims to cover the same fields at 1.1 mm, with maps reaching (unlensed) sensitivities of < 70 mu Jy, in order to explore the properties of background dusty star-forming galaxies.
Aims. We report on the multi-wavelength photometric analysis of all 12 significantly detected (>5 sigma) sources in the first three Frontier Fields clusters observed by ALMA, based on data from Hubble and Spitzer, the Very Large Telescope and the Herschel Space Observatory.
Methods. We measure the total photometry in all available bands and determine the photometric redshifts and the physical properties of the counterparts via SED-fitting. In particular, we carefully estimate the far-infrared (FIR) photometry using 1.1 mm priors to limit the misidentification of blended FIR counterparts, which strongly affect some flux estimates in previous FIR catalogs. Due to the extremely red nature of these objects, we used a large range of parameters (e.g. 0.0 < A(v) < 20.0) and templates (including AGNs and ULIRGs models).
Results. We identify robust near-infrared (NIR) counterparts for all 11 sources with Ks detection, the majority of which are quite red, with eight having F814W - K-s greater than or similar to 4 and five having F160W - [4.5] greater than or similar to 3. From the FIR point of view, all our objects have z(phot) similar to 1-3, whereas based on the optical SED one object prefers a high-z solution (z >= 7). Five objects among our sample have spectroscopic redshifts from the GLASS survey for which we can reproduce their SEDs with existing templates. This verification confirms the validity of our photometric redshift methodology. The mean redshift of our sample is z(phot) = 1.99 +/- 0.27. All 1.1 mm selected objects are massive (10.0 < log[M-star (M-circle dot)] < 11.5), with high star formation rates (< log[ SFR(M-circle dot/yr)]> approximate to 1.6) and high dust contents (8.1 < log[M-dust(M-circle dot)] < 8.8), consistent with previous ALMA surveys.
galaxies: high-redshift; galaxies: distances and redshifts; galaxies: photometry; radio continuum: galaxies; infrared: galaxies; submillimeter: galaxies; Astrophysics - Astrophysics of Galaxies
Astronomy and Astrophysics
Volume 604, Article Number A132