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MC2: Multiwavelength and Dynamical Analysis of the Merging Galaxy Cluster ZwCl 0008.8+5215: An Older and Less Massive Bullet Cluster

N. Golovich, R. J. van Weeren, W. A. Dawson, J. Jee, D. Wittman


We present and analyze a rich data set including Subaru/SuprimeCam, HST/Advanced Camera for Surveys and Wide Field Camera 3, Keck/DEIMOS, Chandra/ACIS-I, and JVLA/C and D array for the merging cluster of galaxies ZwCl 0008.8+5215. With a joint Subaru+HST weak gravitational lensing analysis, we identify two dominant subclusters and estimate the masses to be M200=5.7-1.8+2.8 × 1014 M and 1.2-0.6+1.4 × 1014 M. We estimate the projected separation between the two subclusters to be 924-206+243 kpc. We perform a clustering analysis of spectroscopically confirmed cluster member galaxies and estimate the line-of-sight velocity difference between the two subclusters to be 92∓164 km s-1. We further motivate, discuss, and analyze the merger scenario through an analysis of the 42 ks of Chandra/ACIS-I and JVLA/C and D array polarization data. The X-ray surface brightness profile reveals a merging gas-core reminiscent of the Bullet Cluster. The global X-ray luminosity in the 0.5–7.0 keV band is 1.7∓0.1 × 1044 erg s-1 and the global X-ray temperature is 4.90±0.13 keV. The radio relics are polarized up to 40 %, and along with the masses, velocities, and positions of the two subclusters, we input these quantities into a Monte Carlo dynamical analysis and estimate the merger velocity at pericenter to be 1800-300+400 km s-1. This is a lower-mass version of the Bullet Cluster and therefore may prove useful in testing alternative models of dark matter (DM). We do not find significant offsets between DM and galaxies, but the uncertainties are large with the current lensing data. Furthermore, in the east, the BCG is offset from other luminous cluster galaxies, which poses a puzzle for defining DM–galaxy offsets.

galaxies: clusters: individual (ZwCl 0008.8+5215) ; galaxies: clusters: intracluster medium; gravitational lensing: weak; large-scale structure of universe; X-rays: galaxies: clusters

The Astrophysical Journal
Volume 838, Number 2
2017 April

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Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade de Lisboa Universidade do Porto Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia da Universidade de Coimbra
Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia COMPETE 2020 PORTUGAL 2020 União Europeia