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MC2: Multiwavelength and Dynamical Analysis of the Merging Galaxy Cluster ZwCl 0008.8+5215: An Older and Less Massive Bullet Cluster

N. Golovich, R. J. van Weeren, W. A. Dawson, J. Jee, D. Wittman

Abstract
We present and analyze a rich data set including Subaru/SuprimeCam, HST/Advanced Camera for Surveys and Wide Field Camera 3, Keck/DEIMOS, Chandra/ACIS-I, and JVLA/C and D array for the merging cluster of galaxies ZwCl 0008.8+5215. With a joint Subaru+HST weak gravitational lensing analysis, we identify two dominant subclusters and estimate the masses to be ${M}_{200}={5.7}_{-1.8}^{+2.8} imes {10}^{14},{M}_{odot }$ and ${1.2}_{-0.6}^{+1.4} imes {10}^{14},{M}_{odot }$. We estimate the projected separation between the two subclusters to be ${924}_{-206}^{+243},mathrm{kpc}$. We perform a clustering analysis of spectroscopically confirmed cluster member galaxies and estimate the line-of-sight velocity difference between the two subclusters to be $92pm 164,mathrm{km},{{ m{s}}}^{-1}$. We further motivate, discuss, and analyze the merger scenario through an analysis of the 42 ks of Chandra/ACIS-I and JVLA/C and D array polarization data. The X-ray surface brightness profile reveals a merging gas-core reminiscent of the Bullet Cluster. The global X-ray luminosity in the 0.5–7.0 keV band is $1.7pm 0.1 imes {10}^{44},mathrm{erg},{{ m{s}}}^{-1}$ and the global X-ray temperature is 4.90 ± 0.13 keV. The radio relics are polarized up to $40 \% $, and along with the masses, velocities, and positions of the two subclusters, we input these quantities into a Monte Carlo dynamical analysis and estimate the merger velocity at pericenter to be ${1800}_{-300}^{+400},mathrm{km},{{ m{s}}}^{-1}$. This is a lower-mass version of the Bullet Cluster and therefore may prove useful in testing alternative models of dark matter (DM). We do not find significant offsets between DM and galaxies, but the uncertainties are large with the current lensing data. Furthermore, in the east, the BCG is offset from other luminous cluster galaxies, which poses a puzzle for defining DM–galaxy offsets.

Keywords
galaxies: clusters: individual (ZwCl 0008.8+5215) ; galaxies: clusters: intracluster medium; gravitational lensing: weak; large-scale structure of universe; X-rays: galaxies: clusters

The Astrophysical Journal
Volume 838, Number 2
2017 April

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Instituto de Astrofísica e Ciências do Espaço Universidade do Porto Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade de Lisboa Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia
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