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The Gaia-ESO Survey: the inner disk, intermediate-age open cluster Trumpler 23

J. Overbeek, E. D. Friel, P. Donati, R. Smiljanic, H. R. Jacobson, D. Hatzidimitriou, E. V. Held, L. Magrini, A. Bragaglia, S. Randich, A. Vallenari, T. Cantat-Gaudin, G. Tautvai¨ienė, F. Jiménez-Esteban, A. Frasca, D. Geisler, S. Villanova, B. Tang, C. Muñoz, G. Marconi, G. Carraro, I. San Roman, A. Drazdauskas, R. ´enovienė, G. Gilmore, R. D. Jeffries, E. Flaccomio, E. Pancino, A. Bayo, M. T. Costado, F. Damiani, P. Jofré, L. Monaco, L. Prisinzano, S. G. Sousa, S. Zaggia


Context. Trumpler 23 is a moderately populated, intermediate-age open cluster within the solar circle at a RGC~6 kpc. It is in a crowded field very close to the Galactic plane and the color–magnitude diagram shows significant field contamination and possible differential reddening; it is a relatively understudied cluster for these reasons, but its location makes it a key object for determining Galactic abundance distributions.
Aims. New data from the Gaia-ESO Survey enable the first ever radial velocity and spectroscopic metallicity measurements for this cluster. We aim to use velocities to isolate cluster members, providing more leverage for determining cluster parameters.
Methods. Gaia-ESO Survey data for 167 potential members have yielded radial velocity measurements, which were used to determine the systemic velocity of the cluster and membership of individual stars. Atmospheric parameters were also used as a check on membership when available. Literature photometry was used to re-determine cluster parameters based on radial velocity member stars only; theoretical isochrones are fit in the V, V−I diagram. Cluster abundance measurements of ten radial-velocity member stars with high-resolution spectroscopy are presented for 24 elements. These abundances have been compared to local disk stars, and where possible placed within the context of literature gradient studies.
Results. We find Trumpler 23 to have an age of 0.80±0.10 Gyr, significant differential reddening with an estimated mean cluster E(V−I) of 1.02+0.14-0.09, and an apparent distance modulus of 14.15±0.20. We find an average cluster metallicity of [Fe/H]=0.14±0.03 dex, a solar [α/Fe] abundance, and notably subsolar [s-process/Fe] abundances.

Galaxy: formation; Galaxy: abundances; Galaxy: disk; open clusters and associations: individual: Trumpler 23; stars: abundances; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Astrophysics - Astrophysics of Galaxies

Astronomy & Astrophysics
Volume 598, Article Number A68, Number of pages 18
2017 February

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Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade de Lisboa Universidade do Porto Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia da Universidade de Coimbra
Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia COMPETE 2020 PORTUGAL 2020 União Europeia