CNO behaviour in planet-harbouring stars
II. Carbon abundances in stars with and without planets using the CH band
L. Suárez-Andrés, G. Israelian, J. I. González Hernández, V. Zh. Adibekyan, E. Delgado Mena, N. C. Santos, S. G. Sousa
Context. Carbon, oxygen and nitrogen (CNO) are key elements in stellar formation and evolution, and their abundances should also have a significant impact on planetary formation and evolution.
Aims. We aim to present a detailed spectroscopic analysis of 1110 solar-type stars, 143 of which are known to have planetary companions. We have determined the carbon abundances of these stars and investigate a possible connection between C and the presence of planetary companions.
Methods. We used the HARPS spectrograph to obtain high-resolution optical spectra of our targets. Spectral synthesis of the CH band at 4300 Å was performed with the spectral synthesis codes MOOG and FITTING.
Results. We have studied carbon in several reliable spectral windows and have obtained abundances and distributions that show that planet host stars are carbon rich when compared to single stars, a signature caused by the known metal-rich nature of stars with planets. We find no different behaviour when separating the stars by the mass of the planetary companion
Conclusions. We conclude that reliable carbon abundances can be derived for solar-type stars from the CH band at 4300 Å. We confirm two different slope trends for [C/Fe] with [Fe/H] because the behaviour is opposite for stars above and below solar values. We observe a flat distribution of the [C/Fe] ratio for all planetary masses, a finding that apparently excludes any clear connection between the [C/Fe] abundance ratio and planetary mass.
stars: abundances; stars: chemically peculiar; planetary systems; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics
Astronomy & Astrophysics
Volume 599, Article Number A96, Number of pages 9
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