T. Harko, F. S. N. Lobo
We investigate the interaction between dark energy and dark matter in the framework of irreversible thermodynamics of open systems with matter creation/annihilation. We consider dark energy and dark matter as an interacting two-component (scalar field and ``ordinary' dark matter) cosmological fluid in a homogeneous spatially flat and isotropic Friedmann-Robertson-Walker Universe. The thermodynamics of open systems as applied together with the gravitational field equations to the two-component cosmological fluid leads to a generalization of the elementary dark energy-dark matter interaction theory, in which the decay (creation) pressures are explicitly considered as parts of the cosmological fluid stress-energy tensor. Specific models describing coherently oscillating scalar waves, leading to a high particle production at the beginning of the oscillatory period, and models with a constant potential energy scalar field are considered. Furthermore, exact and numerical solutions of the gravitational field equations with dark energy-dark matter interactions are also obtained.
Modified: theories: of: gravity - Fundamental: problems: and: general: formalism - Canonical: formalism: Lagrangians: and: variational: principles
Physical Review D
Volume 87, Issue 0440, Page 044018_1