RESEARCH
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Brown dwarf companion with a period of 4.6 yr interacting with the hot Jupiter CoRoT-20 b

J. Rey, F. Bouchy, M. Stalport, M. Deleuil, G. Hébrard, J.-M. Almenara, R. Alonso, S. C. C. Barros, A. S. Bonomo, G. Cazalet, J.-B Delisle, R. F. Díaz, M. Fridlund, E. W. Guenther, T. Guillot, G. Montagnier, C. Moutou, C. Lovis, D. Queloz, A. Santerne, S. Udry

Abstract
We report the discovery of an additional substellar companion in the CoRoT-20 system based on six years of HARPS and SOPHIE radial velocity follow-up. CoRoT-20 c has a minimum mass of 17 ± 1 MJup and orbits the host star in 4.59±0.05 yr, with an orbital eccentricity of 0.60±0.03. This is the first identified system with an eccentric hot Jupiter and an eccentric massive companion. The discovery of the latter might be an indication of the migration mechanism of the hot Jupiter, via the Lidov–Kozai effect. We explore the parameter space to determine which configurations would trigger this type of interactions.

Keywords
techniques: radial velocities / stars: low-mass / stars: individual: CoRoT-20 / brown dwarfs / planetary systems / planets and satellites: dynamical evolution and stability

Notes
Based on observations collected with the SOPHIE spectrograph on the 1.93-m telescope at Observatoire de Haute-Provence (CNRS), France, and with the HARPS spectrograph (Prog. 188.C-0779) at the 3.6-m telescope at La Silla Observatory.

Astronomy and Astrophysics
Volume 619, Article Number A115, Number of pages 7
2018 November

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Instituto de Astrofísica e Ciências do Espaço Universidade do Porto Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade de Lisboa
Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia COMPETE 2020 PORTUGAL 2020 União Europeia