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The role of molecular filaments in the origin of the prestellar core mass function and stellar initial mass function

Ph. Andrť, D. Arzoumanian, V. KŲnyves, Y. Shimajiri, P. M. Palmeirim

Abstract
Context. The origin of the stellar initial mass function (IMF) is one of the most debated issues in astrophysics.
Aims. Here we explore the possible link between the quasi-universal filamentary structure of star-forming molecular clouds and the origin of the IMF.
Methods. Based on our recent comprehensive study of filament properties from Herschel Gould Belt survey observations, we derive, for the first time, a good estimate of the filament mass function (FMF) and filament line mass function (FLMF) in nearby molecular clouds. We use the observed FLMF to propose a simple toy model for the origin of the prestellar core mass function (CMF), relying on gravitational fragmentation of thermally supercritical but virialized filaments.
Results. We find that the FMF and the FLMF have very similar shapes and are both consistent with a Salpeter-like power-law function (dN/dlog Mline ∝ Mline−1.5±0.1) in the regime of thermally supercritical filaments (Mline >  16 M pc−1). This is a remarkable result since, in contrast, the mass distribution of molecular clouds and clumps is known to be significantly shallower than the Salpeter power-law IMF, with dN/dlog Mcl ∝ Mcl−0.7.
Conclusions. Since the vast majority of prestellar cores appear to form in thermally transcritical or supercritical filaments, we suggest that the prestellar CMF and by extension the stellar IMF are at least partly inherited from the FLMF through gravitational fragmentation of individual filaments.

Keywords
stars: formation / ISM: clouds / ISM: structure / submillimeter: ISM

Astronomy and Astrophysics
Volume 629, Article Number L4, Number of pages 8
2019 September

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Instituto de Astrof√≠sica e Ci√™ncias do Espa√ßo Universidade do Porto Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade de Lisboa
Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia COMPETE 2020 PORTUGAL 2020 União Europeia