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Conformally coupled tachyonic dark energy

E. M. Teixeira, A. Nunes, N. J. Nunes

We present and study a conformally coupled dark energy model, characterized by an interaction between a tachyon field ϕ, with an inverse square potential V(ϕ), and the matter sector. A detailed analysis of the cosmological outcome reveals different possibilities, in contrast with the previously studied uncoupled model, for which there exists only one stable critical point that gives late-time acceleration of the Universe. The introduction of the coupling translates into an energy exchange between the fluids. We find the interesting possibility of the emergence of a new fixed point, which is a scaling solution and an attractor of the system. In this case, it is possible to describe an everlasting Universe with Ωϕ≃0.7, therefore alleviating the cosmic coincidence problem. However, we find that, in order for the evolution to be cosmologically viable, there is the need to introduce one uncoupled matter species, dominant at early times.

General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology

Physical Review D
Volume 100, Issue 4
2019 August

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Instituto de Astrofísica e Ciências do Espaço Universidade do Porto Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade de Lisboa
Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia COMPETE 2020 PORTUGAL 2020 União Europeia