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Disformally coupled quintessence

E. M. Teixeira, A. Nunes, N. J. Nunes

In this work we consider a cosmological model in which dark energy is portrayed by a canonical scalar field which is allowed to couple to the other species by means of a disformal transformation of the metric. We revisit the current literature by assuming that the disformal function in the metric transformation can depend both on the scalar field itself and on its derivatives, encapsulating a wide variety of scalar-tensor theories. This generalization also leads to new and richer phenomenology, explaining some of the features found in previously studied models. We present the background equations and perform a detailed dynamical analysis, from where new disformal fixed points emerge, that translate into novel cosmological features. These include early scaling regimes between the coupled species and broader stability parameter regions. However, viable cosmological models seem to have suppressed disformal late-time contributions.

General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology

Physical Review D
Volume 101, Issue 8
2020 April

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Instituto de Astrofísica e Ciências do Espaço Universidade do Porto Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade de Lisboa
Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia COMPETE 2020 PORTUGAL 2020 União Europeia