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Full analytical approximation to the stochastic gravitational wave background generated by cosmic string networks

L. Sousa, P. P. Avelino, G. S. F. Guedes

Abstract
We derive a full analytical approximation to the stochastic gravitational wave background generated by the loops that are produced throughout the cosmological evolution of cosmic string networks. We show that this approximation not only predicts the amplitude of the radiation-era plateau exactly, but also provides a good fit to the high-frequency cutoff and to the low-frequency peak generated by the loops that decay during the matter era, irrespective of cosmic string tension and of the length of loops created. We then find that it provides a good quantitative description of the full stochastic gravitational wave background across the relevant frequency range.

Keywords
Astrophysics - Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics; High Energy Physics - Theory

Physical Review D
Volume 101, Issue 10
2020 May

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Instituto de Astrofísica e Ciências do Espaço Universidade do Porto Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade de Lisboa
Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia COMPETE 2020 PORTUGAL 2020 União Europeia