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Cosmological impact of redshift drift measurements

J. Esteves, C. J. A. P. Martins, B. G. Pereira, C. S. Alves

The redshift drift is a model-independent probe of fundamental cosmology, but choosing a fiducial model one can also use it to constrain the model parameters. We compare the constraining power of redshift drift measurements by the Extremely Large Telescope (ELT), as studied by Liske et al., with that of two recently proposed alternatives: the cosmic accelerometer of Eikenberry et al., and the differential redshift drift of Cooke. We find that the cosmic accelerometer with a 6-yr baseline leads to weaker constraints than those of the ELT (by 60 per cent); however, with identical time baselines it outperforms the ELT by up to a factor of 6. The differential redshift drift always performs worse than the standard approach if the goal is to constrain the matter density; however, it can perform significantly better than it if the goal is to constrain the dark energy equation of state. Our results show that accurately measuring the redshift drift and using these measurements to constrain cosmological parameters are different merit functions: an experiment optimized for one of them will not be optimal for the other. These non-trivial trade-offs must be kept in mind as next-generation instruments enter their final design and construction phases.

methods: analytical, methods: statistical, cosmological parameters, dark energy

Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters
Volume 508, Number 1, Page L53
2021 November

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Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade de Lisboa Universidade do Porto Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia da Universidade de Coimbra
Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia COMPETE 2020 PORTUGAL 2020 União Europeia