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High resolution calibration of the cosmic strings velocity dependent one-scale model

J. R. C. C. C. Correia, C. J. A. P. Martins

The canonical velocity-dependent one-scale (VOS) model for cosmic string evolution must be calibrated using high resolution numerical simulations, We exploit our state of the art graphics processing unit accelerated implementation of the evolution of local Abelian-Higgs string networks to provide a detailed and statistically robust calibration of the VOS model. We rely on the largest set of high resolution simulations carried out to date, with a wide range of cosmological expansion rates, and explore the impact of key numerical parameters, including the dynamic range (comparing box sizes from 10243 to 40963), the lattice spacing, and the choice of numerical estimators for the string velocity. We explore the sensitivity of the VOS model parameters to these numerical parameters, with a particular emphasis on the observationally crucial loop chopping efficiency, and also identify key differences between the equation of state and conjugate momentum estimators for the string velocities, showing that the latter one is more reliable for fast expansion rates (while in Minkowski space the opposite has been previously shown). Finally, we briefly illustrate how our results impact observational constraints on cosmic strings.

Astrophysics - Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics; General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology; High Energy Physics - Phenomenology

Physical Review D
Volume 104, Issue 6
2021 September

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Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade de Lisboa Universidade do Porto Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia da Universidade de Coimbra
Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia COMPETE 2020 PORTUGAL 2020 União Europeia