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TESS and HARPS reveal two sub-Neptunes around TOI 1062

J. F. Otegi, F. Bouchy, R. Helled, D. J. Armstrong, M. Stalport, A. Psaridi, J.-B Delisle, K. G. Stassun, E. Delgado Mena, N. C. Santos, N. Hara, K. A. Collins, S. Gandhi, C. Dorn, M. Brogi, M. Fridlund, H. P. Osborn, S. Hoyer, S. Udry, S. Hojjatpanah, L. D. Nielsen, X. Dumusque, V. Zh. Adibekyan, D. M. Conti, R. P. Schwarz, G. Wang, P. Figueira, J. Lillo-Box, A. Hadjigeorghiou, D. Bayliss, P. A. StrÝm, S. G. Sousa, D. Barrado, A. Osborn, S. C. C. Barros, D. J. A. Brown, J. D. Eastman, D. Ciardi, A. Vanderburg, R. F. Goeke, N. M. Guerrero, P. T. Boyd, D. A. Caldwell, C. E. Henze, B. McLean, G. R. Ricker, R. K. Vanderspek, D. W. Latham, S. Seager, J. N. Winn, J. M. Jenkins

Abstract
The Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) mission was designed to perform an all-sky search of planets around bright and nearby stars. Here we report the discovery of two sub-Neptunes orbiting around TOI 1062 (TIC 299799658), a V = 10.25 G9V star observed in the TESS Sectors 1, 13, 27, and 28. We use precise radial velocity observations from HARPS to confirm and characterize these two planets. TOI 1062b has a radius of 2.265−0.091+0.096 R, a mass of 10.15 ± 0.8 M, and an orbital period of 4.1130 ± 0.0015 days. The second planet is not transiting, has a minimum mass of 9.78−1.18+1.26 M and is near the 2:1 mean motion resonance with the innermost planet with an orbital period of 7.972−0.024+0.018 days. We performed a dynamical analysis to explore the proximity of the system to this resonance, and to attempt further constraining the orbital parameters. The transiting planet has a mean density of 4.85−0.74+0.84 g cm−3 and an analysis of its internal structure reveals that it is expected to have a small volatile envelope accounting for 0.35% of the mass at most. The star’s brightness and the proximity of the inner planet to what is know as the radius gap make it an interesting candidate for transmission spectroscopy, which could further constrain the composition and internal structure of TOI 1062b.

Keywords
planets and satellites: general / planets and satellites: detection / planets and satellites: composition

Astronomy & Astrophysics
Volume 653, Article Number A105, Number of pages 14
2021 September

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Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade de Lisboa Universidade do Porto Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia da Universidade de Coimbra
Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia COMPETE 2020 PORTUGAL 2020 União Europeia