R. Carvajal, I. Matute, J. Afonso, S. Amarantidis, D. D. Barbosa, P. A. C. Cunha, A. Humphrey
Active Galactic Nuclei (AGN) are relevant sources of radiation that might have helped reionising the Universe during its early epochs. The super-massive black holes (SMBHs) they host helped accreting material and emitting large amounts of energy into the medium. Recent studies have shown that, for epochs earlier than z∼5, the number density of SMBHs is on the order of few hundreds per square degree. Latest observations place this value below 300 SMBHs at z≳6 for the full sky. To overcome this gap, it is necessary to detect large numbers of sources at the earliest epochs. Given the large areas needed to detect such quantities, using traditional redshift determination techniques—spectroscopic and photometric redshift—is no longer an efficient task. Machine Learning (ML) might help obtaining precise redshift for large samples in a fraction of the time used by other methods. We have developed and implemented an ML model which can predict redshift values for WISE-detected AGN in the HETDEX Spring Field. We obtained a median prediction error of σNz = 1.48 × (zPredicted − zTrue) / (1 + zTrue) = 0.1162 and an outlier fraction of η = 11.58% at (zPredicted − zTrue) / (1 + zTrue) > 0.15, in line with previous applications of ML to AGN. We also applied the model to data from the Stripe 82 area obtaining a prediction error of σNz = 0.2501.
Astrophysics - Astrophysics of Galaxies; Astrophysics - Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics
Volume 9, Number 4, Page 86