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Constraining cosmological scaling solutions of a Galileon field

I. S. Albuquerque, N. Frusciante, M. Martinelli

We study a Lagrangian with a cubic Galileon term and a standard scalar-field kinetic contribution with two exponential potentials. In this model the Galileon field generates scaling solutions in which the density of the scalar field ϕ scales in the same manner as the matter density at early-time. These solutions are of high interest because the scalar field can then be compatible with the energy scale of particle physics and can alleviate the coincidence problem. The phenomenology of linear perturbations is thoroughly discussed, including all the relevant effects on the observables. Additionally, we use cosmic microwave background temperature-temperature and lensing power spectra by Planck 2018, the baryon acoustic oscillations measurements from the 6dF galaxy survey and SDSS and supernovae type Ia data from Pantheon in order to place constraints on the parameters of the model. We find that despite its interesting phenomenology, the model we investigate does not produce a better fit to data with respect to ΛCDM, and it does not seem to be able to ease the tension between high and low redshift data.

Astrophysics - Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics; General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology

Physical Review D
Volume 105, Issue 4
2022 February

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Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade de Lisboa Universidade do Porto Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia da Universidade de Coimbra
Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia COMPETE 2020 PORTUGAL 2020 União Europeia