I. Ayuso, R. Lazkoz, J. P. Mimoso
In this work we explore and test new formulations of cosmological scenarios in f(Q) theories. In these settings, the nonmetricity scalar (Q) is the main source of gravity and Friedmann equations are modified to account for the associated degrees of freedom. This work focuses first on the derivation, and then theoretical and observational analysis of two such (new) exact cosmological models; they both display a nonstandard behavior in which an additional parameter encoding nonmetricity effects acts in the fashion of a screened cosmological constant. One of the new settings has the same background evolution as the well know DGP cosmological model, while the other resembles the former considerably, although its origin is purely phenomenological. We use the Markov Chain Montecarlo method combined with standard statistical techniques to perform observational astrophysical tests relying upon background data, specifically these are type Ia supernovae luminosities and direct Hubble data (from cosmic clocks), along with cosmic microwave background shift and baryon acoustic oscillations data. In addition, we compute some of the cosmographic parameters and other discriminators with the purpose of refining our knowledge about these models in the light of their theoretical and observational signatures, and this allows for a better comparison with the (concordance) ΛCDM setup. We conclude that these scenarios do not show signatures indicating a departure from the ΛCDM behavior.
Astrophysics - Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics; General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology; High Energy Physics - Theory
Physical Review D
Volume 105, Issue 8