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KiDS and Euclid: Cosmological implications of a pseudo angular power spectrum analysis of KiDS-1000 cosmic shear tomography

A. Loureiro, L. Whittaker, A. Spurio Mancini, B. Joachimi, A. Cuceu, M. Asgari, B. Stölzner, T. Tröster, A. H. Wright, M. Bilicki, A. Dvornik, B. Giblin, C. Heymans, H. Hildebrandt, H. Shan, A. Amara, N. Auricchio, C. Bodendorf, D. Bonino, E. Branchini, M. Brescia, V. Capobianco, C. Carbone, J. Carretero, M. Castellano, S. Cavuoti, A. Cimatti, R. Cledassou, G. Congedo, L. Conversi, Y. Copin, L. Corcione, M. Cropper, A. C. da Silva, M. Douspis, F. Dubath, C. A. J. Duncan, X. Dupac, S. Dusini, S. Farrens, S. Ferriol, P. Fosalba, M. Frailis, E. Franceschi, M. Fumana, B. Garilli, B. R. Gillis, C. Giocoli, A. Grazian, F. Grupp, S. V. H. Haugan, W. A. Holmes, F. Hormuth, K. Jahnke, M. Kümmel, S. Kermiche, A. Kiessling, M. Kilbinger, T. D. Kitching, K. Kuijken, M. Kunz, H. Kurki-Suonio, S. Ligori, P. B. Lilje, I. Lloro, O. Mansutti, O. Marggraf, K. Markovic, F. Marulli, R. Massey, M. Meneghetti, G. Meylan, M. Moresco, B. Morin, L. Moscardini, E. Munari, S. M. Niemi, C. Padilla, S. Paltani, F. Pasian, K. Pedersen, V. Pettorino, S. Pires, M. Poncet, L. Popa, F. Raison, J. D. Rhodes, H.-W. Rix, M. Roncarelli, R. Saglia, P. Schneider, A. Secroun, S. Serrano, C. Sirignano, G. Sirri, L. Stanco, J.-L. Starck, P. Tallada-Crespí, A. N. Taylor, I. Tereno, R. Toledo-Moreo, F. Torradeflot, E. A. Valentijn, Y. Wang, N. Welikala, J. Weller, G. Zamorani, J. Zoubian, S. Andreon, M. Baldi, S. Camera, R. Farinelli, G. Polenta, N. Tessore

Abstract
We present a tomographic weak lensing analysis of the Kilo Degree Survey Data Release 4 (KiDS-1000), using a new pseudo angular power spectrum estimator (pseudo-C) under development for the ESA Euclid mission. Over 21 million galaxies with shape information are divided into five tomographic redshift bins, ranging from 0.1 to 1.2 in photometric redshift. We measured pseudo-C using eight bands in the multipole range 76 < ℓ < 1500 for auto- and cross-power spectra between the tomographic bins. A series of tests were carried out to check for systematic contamination from a variety of observational sources including stellar number density, variations in survey depth, and point spread function properties. While some marginal correlations with these systematic tracers were observed, there is no evidence of bias in the cosmological inference. B-mode power spectra are consistent with zero signal, with no significant residual contamination from E/B-mode leakage. We performed a Bayesian analysis of the pseudo-C estimates by forward modelling the effects of the mask. Assuming a spatially flat ΛCDM cosmology, we constrained the structure growth parameter S8 = σ8m/0.3)1/2 = 0.754−0.029+0.027. When combining cosmic shear from KiDS-1000 with baryon acoustic oscillation and redshift space distortion data from recent Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) measurements of luminous red galaxies, as well as the Lyman-α forest and its cross-correlation with quasars, we tightened these constraints to S8 = 0.771−0.032+0.006. These results are in very good agreement with previous KiDS-1000 and SDSS analyses and confirm a ∼3σ tension with early-Universe constraints from cosmic microwave background experiments.

Keywords
gravitational lensing: weak / cosmology: observations / large-scale structure of Universe / cosmological parameters

Notes
This paper is published on behalf of the KiDS Collaboration and the Euclid Consortium.

Astronomy & Astrophysics
Volume 665, Article Number A56, Number of pages 23
2022 September

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Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade de Lisboa Universidade do Porto Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia da Universidade de Coimbra
Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia COMPETE 2020 PORTUGAL 2020 União Europeia