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Revisiting the Red Giant Branch Hosts KOI-3886 and ι Draconis. Detailed Asteroseismic Modeling and Consolidated Stellar Parameters

T. L. Campante, T. Li, J. M. J. Ong, E. Corsaro, M. S. Cunha, T. R. Bedding, D. Bossini, S. N. Breton, D. L. Buzasi, W. J. Chaplin, M. Deal, R. A. Garcia, M. L. Hill, M. Hon, D. Huber, C. Jiang, S. R. Kane, C. Kayhan, J. S. Kuszlewicz, J. Lillo-Box, S. Mathur, M. J. P. F. G. Monteiro, L. F. Pereira, N. C. Santos, A. M. Serenelli, D. Stello

Asteroseismology is playing an increasingly important role in the characterization of red giant host stars and their planetary systems. Here, we conduct detailed asteroseismic modeling of the evolved red giant branch (RGB) hosts KOI-3886 and ι Draconis, making use of end-of-mission Kepler (KOI-3886) and multisector TESS (ι Draconis) time-series photometry. We also model the benchmark star KIC 8410637, a member of an eclipsing binary, thus providing a direct test to the seismic determination. We test the impact of adopting different sets of observed modes as seismic constraints. Inclusion of ℓ = 1 and 2 modes improves the precision of the stellar parameters, albeit marginally, compared to adopting radial modes alone, with 1.9%–3.0% (radius), 5%–9% (mass), and 19%–25% (age) reached when using all p-dominated modes as constraints. Given the very small spacing of adjacent dipole mixed modes in evolved RGB stars, the sparse set of observed g-dominated modes is not able to provide extra constraints, further leading to highly multimodal posteriors. Access to multiyear time-series photometry does not improve matters, with detailed modeling of evolved RGB stars based on (lower-resolution) TESS data sets attaining a precision commensurate with that based on end-of-mission Kepler data. Furthermore, we test the impact of varying the atmospheric boundary condition in our stellar models. We find the mass and radius estimates to be insensitive to the description of the near-surface layers, at the expense of substantially changing both the near-surface structure of the best-fitting models and the values of associated parameters like the initial helium abundance, Yi. Attempts to measure Yi from seismic modeling of red giants may thus be systematically dependent on the choice of atmospheric physics.

Asteroseismology; Stellar evolution; Fundamental parameters of stars

The Astronomical Journal
Volume 165, Number 5, Page 21
2023 May

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Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade de Lisboa Universidade do Porto Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia da Universidade de Coimbra
Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia COMPETE 2020 PORTUGAL 2020 União Europeia