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Near-Infrared Photometry and Radio Continuum Study of the Massive Star Forming Regions IRAS 21413+5442 and IRAS 21407+5441

B. G. Anandarao, V. Venkata Raman, S. K. Ghosh, D. K. Ojha, M. S. N. Kumar

IRAS 21413+5442 and IRAS 21407+5441 are two massive star forming regions of high luminosity, likely associated with each other. Near-infrared photometry on these two IRAS sources was performed at UKIRT using the UFTI under excellent seeing conditions yielding an angular resolution of ∼ 0.5 arcsec. Our results reveal details of stellar content to a completeness limit (90%) of J = 18.5, H = 18.0, and K = 17.5 mag in the two regions. In IRAS 21413+5442, we identify a late O type star, having large (H-K) color, to be near the centre of the CO jets observed by earlier authors. The UKIRT images reveal in IRAS 21407+5441, a faint but clear compact HII region around a central high - intermediate mass star cluster. We have detected a number of sources with large (H-K) color which are not detected in J band. We also present the GMRT radio continuum map at 1.28 GHz covering the entire region surrounding the two star forming clouds. The radio continuum fluxes are used to estimate the properties of HII regions which seem to support our near-IR photometric results. Based on our radio continuum map and the archival MSX 8.2 μm image, we show that the two IRAS sources likely belong to the same parent molecular cloud and conjecture that a high mass star of large IR colors, present in between the two sources, might have triggered star formation in this region. However one can not rule out the alternative possibility that Star A could be a nearby foreground star.

Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume 390, Page 1185
2008 October

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Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade de Lisboa Universidade do Porto Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia da Universidade de Coimbra
Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia COMPETE 2020 PORTUGAL 2020 União Europeia