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Hybrid γDoradus – δScuti pulsators:
New insights into the physics of the oscillations from Kepler observations

A. Grigahcène, V. Antoci, L. Balona, G. Catanzaro, J. Daszyńska-Daszkiewicz, J. A. Guzik, G. Handler, G. Houdek, D. W. Kurtz, M. Marconi, M. J. P. F. G. Monteiro, A. Moya Bedón, V. Ripepi, J.-C. Suárez, K. Uytterhoeven, W. J. Borucki, T. M. Brown, J. Christensen-Dalsgaard, R. L. Gilliland, J. M. Jenkins, H. Kjeldsen, D. Koch, S. Bernabei, P. A. Bradley, M. Breger, M. Di Criscienzo, M.-A. Dupret, R. A. García, A. García Hernández, J. Jackiewicz, A. Kaiser, H. Lehmann, S. Martín-Ruiz, P. Mathias, J. Molenda-Żakowicz, J. M. Nemec, J. Nuspl, M. Paparó, M. Roth, R. Szabó, M. D. Suran, R. Ventura

Abstract
Observations of the pulsations of stars can be used to infer their interior structure and test theoretical models. The main sequence γDoradus (Dor) and δScuti (Sct) stars with masses 1.2-2.5 M are particularly useful for these studies. The γDor stars pulsate in high-order g modes with periods of order 1 day, driven by convective blocking at the base of their envelope convection zone. The δSct stars pulsate in low-order g and p modes with periods of order 2 hours, driven by the κ mechanism operating in the HeII ionization zone. Theory predicts an overlap region in the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram between instability regions, where ’hybrid’ stars pulsating in both types of modes should exist. The two types of modes with properties governed by different portions of the stellar interior provide complementary model constraints. Among the known γDor and δSct stars, only four have been confirmed as hybrids. Now, analysis of combined Quarter 0 and Quarter 1 Kepler data for hundreds of variable stars shows that the frequency spectra are so rich that there are practically no pure δSct or γDor pulsators, i.e. essentially all of the stars show frequencies in both the δSct and γDor frequency range. A new observational classification scheme is proposed that takes into account the amplitude as well as the frequency, and is applied to categorize 234 stars as δSct, γDor, δSct/γDor or γDor/δSct hybrids.

Keywords
space vehicles: instruments - stars: variables: delta Scuti

The Astrophysical Journal Letters
Volume 713, Number 2, Page L192
2010 March

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Instituto de Astrofísica e Ciências do Espaço Universidade do Porto Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade de Lisboa
Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia COMPETE 2020 PORTUGAL 2020 União Europeia