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The sequence of low- and high-mass star formation in the young stellar cluster IRAS 19343+2026

D. K. Ojha, M. S. N. Kumar, C. J. Davis, J. M. C. Grave

Abstract
BVRIJHK photometry, Spitzer-GLIMPSE photometry and HK band spectroscopy were used to study the stellar content of IRAS 19343+2026, a (proto)star/cluster candidate, located close to the Galactic plane. The data suggest that IRAS 19343+2026 is a rich cluster associated with a massive protostar of 7.6 M with an age of ∼ 105 yr. Three point sources in the vicinity of the far-infrared (FIR) peak are also found to be early B type stars. The remaining (predominantly low mass) members of the cluster are best represented by a 1 - 3 Myr pre-main-sequence (PMS) population. HK band spectra of two bright and five faint point sources in the cluster confirm that the results obtained from the photometry are good representations of their young stellar object (YSO) nature. Thus, IRAS 19343+2026 is a young cluster with at least four early B-type stars classified as young (104 - 105 yr), that are surrounded by a somewhat older (1 - 3 Myr) population of low mass YSOs. Together, these results argue for a scenario in which low mass stars form prior to massive stars in a cluster forming environment. We compute the Initial Mass Function (IMF) for this cluster using the K-band luminosity function; the slope of the IMF is shallower than predicted by the Salpeter’s mass function. The cluster mass, Mtotal, is estimated to be in the range ∼ 307 M (from the data completeness limit) - 585 M (extrapolated down to the brown dwarf limit, assuming a certain IMF).

Keywords
stars:formation - stars: massive - HII regions - infrared: stars - ISM: general

Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume 407, Issue 3, Page 1807
2010 September

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Instituto de Astrofísica e Ciências do Espaço Universidade do Porto Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade de Lisboa
Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia COMPETE 2020 PORTUGAL 2020 União Europeia