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Modelling the Autocovariance of the Power Spectrum of a Solar-Type Oscillator

T. L. Campante, C. Karoff, W. J. Chaplin, Y. Elsworth, R. Handberg, S. Hekker

Abstract
Asteroseismology is able to conduct studies on the interiors of solar-type stars from the analysis of stellar acoustic spectra. However, such an analysis process often has to rely upon subjective choices made throughout. A recurring problem is to determine whether a signal in the acoustic spectrum originates from a radial or a dipolar oscillation mode. In order to overcome this problem, we present a procedure for modelling and fitting the autocovariance of the power spectrum which can be used to obtain global seismic parameters of solar-type stars, doing so in an automated fashion without the need to make subjective choices. From the set of retrievable global seismic parameters we emphasize the mean small frequency separation and, depending on the intrinsic characteristics of the power spectrum, the mean rotational frequency splitting. Since this procedure is automated, it can serve as a useful tool in the analysis of the more than one thousand solar-type stars expected to be observed as part of the Kepler Asteroseismic Investigation (KAI). We apply the aforementioned procedure to simulations of the Sun. Assuming different apparent magnitudes, we address the issues of how accurately and how precisely we can retrieve the several global seismic parameters were the Sun to be observed as part of the KAI.

Keywords
methods: data analysis - methods: statistical - stars: oscillations

Notes
To be precise, we compute the autocovariance of the power density spectrum.

Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume 408, Issue 1, Page 542
2010 October

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Instituto de Astrofísica e Ciências do Espaço Universidade do Porto Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade de Lisboa
Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia COMPETE 2020 PORTUGAL 2020 União Europeia