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UWISH2 - The UKIRT Widefield Infrared Survey for H2

D. Froebrich, C. J. Davis, G. Ioannidis, T. M. Gledhill, M. Takami, A. Chrysostomou, J. E. Drew, J. EislŲffel, A. Gosling, R. Gredel, J. Hatchell, K. W. Hodapp, M. S. N. Kumar, P. W. Lucas, H. Matthews, M. G. Rawlings, M. D. Smith, B. Stecklum, W. P. Varricatt, H. T. Lee, P. S. Teixeira, C. Aspin, T. Khanzadyan, J. Karr, H.-J. Kim, B.-C. Koo, J. J. Lee, Y.-H. Lee, T. Yu. Magakian, T. A. Movsessian, E. H. Nikogossian, T. S. Pyo, T. Stanke

Abstract
We present the goals and preliminary results of an unbiased, near-infrared, narrow-band imaging survey of the First Galactic Quadrant (10° < l <65° ; -1.3° < b <+1.3°). This area includes most of the Giant Molecular Clouds and massive star forming regions in the northern hemisphere. The survey is centred on the 1-0 S(1) ro-vibrational line of H2, a proven tracer of hot, dense molecular gas in star-forming regions, around evolved stars, and in supernova remnants. The observations complement existing and upcoming photometric surveys (Spitzer-GLIMPSE, UKIDSS-GPS, JCMT-JPS, AKARI, Herschel Hi-GAL, etc.), though we probe a dynamically active component of star formation not covered by these broad-band surveys. Our narrow-band survey is currently more than 60% complete. The median seeing in our images is 0.73”. The images have a 5 σ detection limit of point sources of K∼18 mag and the surface brightness limit is 10-19Wm-2 arcsec-2 when averaged over our typical seeing. Jets and outflows from both low and high mass Young Stellar Objects are revealed, as are new Planetary Nebulae and - via a comparison with earlier K-band observations acquired as part of the UKIDSS GPS - numerous variable stars. With their superior spatial resolution, the UWISH2 data also have the potential to reveal the true nature of many of the Extended Green Objects found in the GLIMPSE survey.

Keywords
stars: formation - ISM: individual objects: Galactic Plane - ISM: jets and outflows - ISM: kinematics and dynamics - infrared: stars

Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume 413, Issue 1, Page 480
2011 May

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Instituto de Astrof√≠sica e Ci√™ncias do Espa√ßo Universidade do Porto Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade de Lisboa
Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia COMPETE 2020 PORTUGAL 2020 União Europeia