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Spectroscopic characterization of a sample of metal-poor solar-type stars from the HARPS planet search program

S. G. Sousa, N. C. Santos, G. Israelian, C. Lovis, M. Mayor, P. B. Silva, S. Udry

Abstract
Stellar metallicity strongly correlates with the presence of planets and their properties. To check for new correlations between stars and the existence of an orbiting planet, we determine precise stellar parameters for a sample of metal-poor solar-type stars. This sample was observed with the HARPS spectrograph and is part of a program to search for new extrasolar planets.
The stellar parameters were determined using an LTE analysis based on equivalent widths (EW) of iron lines and by imposing excitation and ionization equilibrium. The ARES code was used to allow automatic and systematic derivation of the stellar parameters. Precise stellar parameters and metallicities were obtained for 97 low metal-content stars. We also present the derived masses, luminosities, and new parallaxes estimations based on the derived parameters, and compare our spectroscopic parameters with an infra-red flux method calibration to check the consistency of our method in metal poor stars. Both methods seems to give the same effective temperature scale.
Finally we present a new calibration for the temperature as a function of B-V and [Fe/H]. This was obtained by adding these new metal poor stars in order to increase the range in metallicity for the calibration. The standard deviation of this new calibration is ∼ 50 K.

Keywords
stars: fundamental parameters - planetary systems - stars: abundances - stars: statistics

Notes
Based on observations collected at the La Silla Parana Observatory, ESO (Chile) with the HARPS spectrograph at the 3.6-m telescope (ESO runs ID 72.C-0488, 082.C-0212, and 085.C-0063).
Tables 1–3 are only available in electronic form at http://www.aanda.org

Astronomy and Astrophysics
Volume 526, Number of pages A99_1
2011 February

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Instituto de Astrofísica e Ciências do Espaço Universidade do Porto Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade de Lisboa Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia
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