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Exploring the α-enhancement of metal-poor planet-hosting stars.
The Kepler and HARPS samples
(Research Note)

V. Zh. Adibekyan, E. Delgado Mena, S. G. Sousa, N. C. Santos, G. Israelian, J. I. GonzŠlez HernŠndez, M. Mayor, A. A. Hakobyan

Abstract
Recent studies have shown that at low metallicities Doppler-detected planet-hosting stars tend to have high a-content and to belong to the thick disk. We used the reconnaissance spectra of 87 Kepler planet candidates and data available from the HARPS planet search survey to explore this phenomenon. Using the traditional spectroscopic abundance analysis methods, we derived Ti, Ca, and Cr abundances for the Kepler stars. In the metallicity region –0.65 < [Fe/H] < –0.3 dex, the fraction of Ti-enhanced thick-disk HARPS planet harboring stars is 12.3 ± 4.1%, and for their thin-disk counterparts this fraction is 2.2 ± 1.3%. Binomial statistics give a probability of 0.008 that this could have occurred by chance. Combining the two samples (HARPS and Kepler) reinforces the significance of this result (P ~ 99.97%). Since most of these stars harbor small sized or low-mass planets we can assume that, although terrestrial planets can be found in a low-iron regime, they are mostly enhanced by α-elements. This implies that early formation of rocky planets could start in the Galactic thick disk, where the chemical conditions for their formation are more favorable.

Keywords
stars: abundances – planetary systems

Notes
Table with chemical abundances is only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (130.79.128.5) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/547/A36

Astronomy and Astrophysics
Volume 547, Number of pages A36_1
2012 November

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Instituto de Astrof√≠sica e Ci√™ncias do Espa√ßo Universidade do Porto Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade de Lisboa
Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia COMPETE 2020 PORTUGAL 2020 União Europeia