E. Calabrese, M. Martinelli, S. Pandolfi, V. F. Cardone, C. J. A. P. Martins, S. Spiro, P. E. Vielzeuf
Beyond the standard cosmological model where the late-time accelerated expansion of the universe is driven by a cosmological constant, the observed expansion can be reproduced as well by the introduction of an additional dynamical scalar field. In this case, the field is expected to be naturally coupled to the rest of the theory's fields, unless a (still unknown) symmetry suppresses this coupling. Therefore, this would possibly lead to some observational consequences, such as space-time variations of nature's fundamental constants. In this paper we investigate the coupling between a dynamical Dark Energy model and the electromagnetic field, and the corresponding evolution of the fine structure constant (α) with respect to the standard local value α0. In particular, we derive joint constraints on two dynamical Dark Energy model parametrizations (the Chevallier-Polarski-Linder and Early Dark Energy model) and on the coupling with electromagnetism ζ, forecasting future low-medium redshift observations. Moreover, we also consider the case where the field driving the α evolution is not the one responsible for cosmic acceleration and investigate how future observations can constrain this scenario.
Physical Review D
Volume 89, Page 083509_1