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Direct detection of black holes via electromagnetic radiation

J. L. Sobrinho, P. Augusto

Abstract
Many black hole (BH) candidates exist, ranging from supermassive (∼106–1010 M) to stellar masses (∼1–100 M), all of them identified by indirect processes. Although there are no known candidate BHs with substellar masses, these might have been produced in the primordial Universe. BHs emit radiation composed of photons, gravitons and, later in their lives, massive particles. We explored the detection of such BHs with present-day masses from 10−22 to 10−11 M. We determined the maximum distances (d) at which the current best detectors should be placed in order to identify such isolated BHs. Broadly, we conclude that in the visible and ultraviolet BHs can be directly detected at d ≲ 107 m while in the X-ray band the distances might reach ∼108 m (of the order of the Earth–Moon distance) and in the γ-ray band BHs might even be detected from as far as ∼0.1 pc. Since these results give us realistic hopes of directly detecting BHs, we suggest the scrutiny of current and future space mission data to reach this goal.

Keywords
black hole physics

Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
2014 July

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Instituto de Astrofísica e Ciências do Espaço Universidade do Porto Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade de Lisboa Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia
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