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Astrophysical false positives in exoplanet transit surveys: why do we need bright stars?

A. Santerne, R. F. Díaz, J. -M. Almenara, A. Lethuillier, M. Deleuil, C. Moutou

Astrophysical false positives that mimic planetary transit are one of the main limitation to exoplanet transit surveys. In this proceeding, we review the issue of the false positive in transit survey and the possible complementary observations to constrain their presence. We also review the false-positive rate of both Kepler and CoRoT missions and present the basics of the planet-validation technique. Finally, we discuss the interest of observing bright stars, as PLATO 2.0 and TESS will do, in the context of the false positives. According to simulations with the Besançon galactic model, we find that PLATO 2.0 is expected to have less background false positives than Kepler, and thus an even lower false-positive rate.

transit - exoplanet - false positive - galactic model - photometry - radial velocity

SF2A-2013: Proceedings of the Annual meeting of the French Society of Astronomy and Astrophysics
L. Cambresy, F. Martins, E. Nuss, A. Palacios

Société Francaise d'Astronomie et d'Astrophysique, Page 555
2013 November

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Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade de Lisboa Universidade do Porto Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia da Universidade de Coimbra
Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia COMPETE 2020 PORTUGAL 2020 União Europeia