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ANDES, the high resolution spectrograph for the ELT: project management and system engineering approaches for mastering its preliminary design phase

P. Di Marcantonio, A. Zanutta, A. Marconi, M. Abreu, V. Alberti, M. Aliverti, M. I. Andersen, V. Baldini, A. Balestra, F. Baron, J. Brynnel, A. Cabral, B. Chazelas, R. Cirami, I. Coretti, E. Gallo, E. Giro, W. Gaessler, O. A. Gonzalez, P. Huke, D. Kouach, I. C. Leão, D. Lunney, M. Macintosh, P. Maslowski, M. A. Monteiro, E. Oliva, L. Origlia, G. Pariani, E. Pinna, E. Redaelli, M. Riva, C. Selmi, F. Sortino, E. Stempels, B. Wehbe, M. Xompero, J. Zimara

At the end of 2021, the ESO council approved the start of the construction phase for a High Resolution Spectrograph for the ELT, formerly known as ELT-HIRES, renamed recently as ANDES (ArmazoNes high Dispersion Echelle Spectrograph). The current initial schedule foresees a 9-years development aimed to bring the instrument on-sky soon after the first-generation ELT instruments. ANDES combines high spectral resolution (up to 100,000), wide spectral range (0.4 µm to 1.8 µm with a goal from 0.35 µm to 2.4 µm) and extreme stability in wavelength calibration accuracy (better than 0.02 m/s rms over a 10-year period in a selected wavelength range) with massive optical collecting power of the ELT thus enabling to achieve possible breakthrough groundbreaking scientific discoveries. The main science cases cover a possible detection of life signatures in exoplanets, the study of the stability of Nature’s physical constants along the universe lifetime and a first direct measurement of the cosmic acceleration. The reference design of this instrument in its extended version (with goals included) foresees 4 spectrographic modules fed by fibers, operating in seeing and diffraction limited (adaptive optics assisted) mode carried out by an international consortium composed by 24 institutes from 13 countries which poses big challenges in several areas. In this paper we will describe the approach we intend to pursue to master management and system engineering aspects of this challenging instrument focused mainly on the preliminary design phase, but looking also ahead towards its final construction.

Modeling, Systems Engineering, and Project Management for Astronomy X
George Z. Angeli, Philippe Dierickx

Proceedings of the SPIE
Volume 12187
2022 August

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Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade de Lisboa Universidade do Porto Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia da Universidade de Coimbra
Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia COMPETE 2020 PORTUGAL 2020 União Europeia