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The Fourth Paradigm in Astronomy: from ESA/Gaia and beyond

Alberto Krone-Martins

Astronomy (...) it was she who made us a soul capable of comprehending Nature". Whether or not we agree with Henri Poincaré's central view of Astronomy, this Science has historically been deeply connected to, and in many cases motivated, the amplification of human sensitive and cognitive capabilities.

During this talk I would like to openly discuss the "fourth paradigm of Science" concept in Astronomy. This is a thought pattern that evolves the relation between Science and Informatics from the simple notion of "using a tool" towards a deeper degree of inter-dependency. To do so, I will briefly present some examples of my research that are entrenched in this concept, as galaxy morphology inference from ESA/Gaia data, the detection of new strong gravitational lenses and of new stellar clusters, the unsupervised construction of galaxy catalogues among others. Finally, I would like to profit from the talk to discuss the following question: is still possible to do forefront Astronomy today without some type of machine-assisted and collaborative thinking?

2018 October 18, 15:00

Observatório Astronómico de Lisboa (Seminar room)
Tapada da Ajuda, 1349-018 Lisboa

Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade de Lisboa Universidade do Porto Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia da Universidade de Coimbra
Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia COMPETE 2020 PORTUGAL 2020 União Europeia