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Signatures of magnetic activity discovered in the oscillation parameters of 22 solar-like stars observed by Kepler
René Kiefer (Kiepenheuer Institute for Solar Physics), Ariane Schad (Kiepenheuer-Institut für Sonnenphysik), Guy Davies (School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Birmingham), Markus Roth (Kiepenheuer-Institut für Sonnenphysik)
Context. The Sun and solar-like stars undergo activity cycles for which the underlying mechanisms are not well understood. The oscillations of the Sun are known to vary with activity cycle and these changes provide diagnostics on the conditions below the photosphere. Kepler has detected oscillations in hundreds of solar-like stars but as of yet, no widespread detection of signatures of magnetic activity cycles in the oscillation parameters of these stars have been reported. Aims. We analyse the photometric short cadence Kepler time series of a set of 24 solar-like stars, which were observed for at least 960 days each, with the aim to find signatures of stellar magnetic activity in the oscillation parameters. Methods. We analyse the temporal evolution of oscillation parameters by measuring mode frequency shifts and changes in the height of the p-mode envelope. Results. For 22 of the 24 investigated stars, we find significant frequency shifts in time, indicating stellar magnetic activity. For the most prominent example, KIC 8006161, we find that, similar to the solar case, frequency shifts are smallest for the lowest and largest for the highest p-mode frequencies. Conclusions. These findings show that magnetic activity can be routinely observed in the oscillation parameters for solar-like stars. The large proportion of stars for which this is the case opens up the possibility to place the Sun and its activity cycle in the context of other stars.