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Seismology of the Sun and the Distant Stars 2016
Using Today’s Successes to Prepare the Future
Joint TASC2 & KASC9 Workshop – SPACEINN & HELAS8 Conference

Close encounters: Oscillating Kepler red giants with strange companions
Isabel Colman (The University of Sydney), Timothy Bedding (The University of Sydney), Daniel Huber (The University of Sydney)

We present an analysis of 93 oscillating red giants from NASA's Kepler mission which exhibit anomalous single-frequency peaks in their amplitude spectra. These peaks may be indicative of binary star systems, with frequencies such that the companion star's orbit would be within the red giant's convective envelope. Alternatively, the observed phenomenon may be due to a close binary orbiting a red giant in a triple system, or binary systems contaminating the pixels around the target star. We eliminate 46 stars in the sample as blends. However, we find that in 47 cases the anomalous peaks are indistinguishable from the target star to within a resolution of 4", the size of a Kepler pixel. This suggests that we are either observing contamination by a line-of-sight background or foreground binary system, or a physical association. We examine a Galaxia model of the Kepler field of view to estimate background star counts and find that it is highly unlikely that all targets can be explained by chance alignments. From this, we conclude that these stars may comprise a population of physically associated systems.

Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade de Lisboa Universidade do Porto Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia da Universidade de Coimbra
Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia COMPETE 2020 PORTUGAL 2020 União Europeia